In a laparoscopic splenectomy, your surgeon makes few small incisions in your abdomen. Then, they use a small camera to project a video of your spleen onto a monitor. Your surgeon can then remove your spleen with small tools. A splenectomy is a procedure to remove the entire spleen, a delicate, fist-sized organ that sits under the left rib cage near the stomach. The spleen is an important part of the body’s defense (immune) system. It contains special white blood cells that destroy bacteria and help the body fight infections when you are sick. It also helps remove, or filter, old red blood cells from the body’s circulation. You may need to have your spleen removed if you have an injury that damages the organ, causing its covering to break open, or rupture. A ruptured spleen can lead to life-threatening internal bleeding.
Splenectomy is recommended in cases of splenic cysts and tumors like lymphoma. It might also be recommended for blood-related disorders such as hereditary spherocytosis, idiopathic thrombocytopenia, hypersplenism, etc.
Since this type of surgery is minimally invasive and done laparoscopically performed hence it has a quicker and less painful recovery time than open surgery.